The Royal Proclamation, 1763
The Royal Proclamation of October 7, 1763, followed the Seven Year’s War, and did two things. First, it established the governments of the new territories acquired by Great Britain under the Treaty of Paris, 1763. Secondly, it reflected the British Governments wish to avoid conflict and maintain peaceable relations with the Natives.
Robinson Huron Treaty (#61) of 1850
In 1850, the government commissioned William B. Robinson to negotiate a treaty with the Natives living along the shores of Superior and Huron, thus extinguishing Aboriginal title. The resultant treaty claimed land, “Penetanguishene to Sault Ste. Marie, and thence to Batchewanaung Bay on the northern shore of Lake Superior, together with the islands.” Garden River Indian Reserve was created in the “Schedule of Reservations”, number 14, where it states, “a tract of land extending from Makinonge Bay inclusive, to Partridge Point, above Garden River on the front, and inland ten miles throughout the whole distance, and also Squirrel Island.” The Band also received 2,000 pounds outright and a further “perpetual annuity of six hundred pounds.”